Beijing, 18 December 2020
The Honorable Kevin Rudd,
Greetings to you all! I’m delighted to have this digital dialog with you, associates each previous and new, because the yr is coming to a detailed. The Asia Society has been a long-standing supporter of China-U.S. relations. As this relationship goes via a troublesome time, Mr. Kevin Rudd and plenty of associates have supplied priceless insights on China-U.S. relations and spoken up as a voice of motive. We at all times worth your enter, and we look ahead to additional exchanges to construct deeper understanding.
The outgoing 2020 has witnessed the sudden onslaught of COVID-19, a pandemic that has upended the world in nearly all points. International locations have come to comprehend greater than ever that world challenges require enhanced worldwide coordination and cooperation, and that main nations specifically ought to lead by instance. Nevertheless, China-U.S. relations have spiraled all the way down to the bottom degree for the reason that institution of diplomatic ties 41 years in the past. That is clearly not within the pursuits of the Chinese language and American peoples, neither is it useful when world efforts are wanted to beat the difficulties.
On reflection, 2020 may need witnessed the best harm to the worldwide order and worldwide relations. Amongst many others, we see energy politics jeopardizing worldwide stability, as arbitrary interference in others’ inner affairs and sanctions have turn into the largest destabilizing issue to regional and world safety. We see protectionism jeopardizing worldwide commerce, as backlash towards globalization is gathering momentum, with extra limitations impeding commerce and funding, and world industrial and provide chains on the cusp of breakdown. We see unilateralism jeopardizing worldwide cooperation, because the “go it alone” method and strolling away from worldwide dedication fracture and cripple the worldwide system, and drag on worldwide efforts towards world challenges. And we see McCarthyism jeopardizing worldwide exchanges, as these with radical and entrenched political biases search to label and stigmatize open and lawful political events and establishments of different nations, and use ideology to disrupt and even sever worldwide engagement, aiming at beginning a brand new Chilly Battle and forming a brand new Iron Curtain.
These dangers and challenges dealing with us are unprecedented. China and the USA are two largest economies, everlasting members of the UN Safety Council, and the most important growing and developed nation respectively. What is predicted of us is to type the best notion about each other, act consistent with the development of the occasions, and heed the aspirations of the worldwide group. We have to step as much as our duties as main nations and on the identical time, work along with different nations to beat difficulties, meet challenges and pursue growth.
I do know you all observe China’s diplomacy intently, the model and future course of which has been the topic of ongoing discussions. What I might underline is that China follows an unbiased international coverage of peace, and seeks to have interaction different nations for friendship and cooperation on the idea of the 5 Ideas of Peaceable Coexistence. China is dedicated to bringing happiness to the Chinese language folks and contributing to progress of humanity, and seeks to play a constructive position for world peace and growth. China has no intention to compete for hegemony. We by no means intervene in different’s inner affairs. We do not export our system or mannequin. Not within the least will we search spheres of affect.
China’s diplomacy is for the event of the nation. As China stays a growing nation, our final purpose is to satisfy the aspiration of the Chinese language folks for a greater life. With relentless efforts, all rural residents dwelling underneath the present poverty line and all designated counties have shed off poverty this yr. This implies excessive poverty is eradicated for the primary time in China’s historical past of a number of thousand years. Pleased with such an achievement, we’re additionally sober-minded concerning the lengthy journey forward if we’re to lock within the features towards poverty and convey prosperity to all of the folks. China’s diplomacy, which begins at residence, ought to assist promote the general growth of the nation and the brand new growth paradigm.
China’s diplomacy is for win-win end result. It is not a part of the Chinese language tradition to hunt our personal growth or put our pursuits above others. Neither is it our philosophy to play the zero-sum recreation and be the winner that takes all. We’re dedicated to a win-win technique of opening up to make sure all nations will come out as winners. We imagine that diplomacy as such will likely be extra sustainable and revel in extra assist. We are going to additional open up, solely broader, deeper and with larger requirements, to share alternatives and advantages for win-win and higher growth.
China’s diplomacy is for fairness. Having skilled nice humiliation in historical past, China really understands how necessary fairness is. We imagine that nations, no matter their measurement and energy, are all equal members of the worldwide group. The large and powerful should not bully the small and weak. We imagine that nations get pleasure from equal rights to growth. Developed nations are obligated to assist growing nations improve the capability for self-development. And growing nations shouldn’t be stored endlessly on the decrease finish of the commercial and worth chains. We imagine that world affairs needs to be dealt with by all nations via session, and that worldwide guidelines needs to be made by all nations on an equal footing. There needs to be extra democracy in worldwide relations.
China stays dedicated to growing a relationship primarily based on coordination, cooperation and stability with the USA underneath the precept of no battle, no confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation. China has been working in good religion to that purpose. Regrettably nevertheless, once we activate TVs, learn newspapers, and entry new media, we’d usually see senior U.S. officers pointing fingers at China. There isn’t any proof to assist their accusations. They’re merely irresponsible presumption of guilt and emotional lashing out. The elemental motive behind all that is that some U.S. politicians have strategic miscalculations about China.
First, they select to disregard the huge widespread pursuits and room for cooperation between the 2 nations, and demand that China is a important menace. That is like “misaligning the primary button of the garments” – they get issues fallacious on the very starting. The following “whole-of-government technique” that mobilizes all sources accessible to tackle China goes in a fallacious course. Second, they search to defame the Communist Celebration of China (CPC) out of ideological bias. The CPC, because the constitutionally acknowledged ruling get together of China, has a detailed bond and a shared future with the Chinese language folks. An assault on the CPC is an assault on the 1.four billion Chinese language folks. It’s doomed to fail. Third, they hope that most strain will make China give in. China was as soon as bullied by western powers, however these days are lengthy gone. Energy politics will solely get the Chinese language folks to be extra resolved of their response. Fourth, they try and construct a world coalition towards China. However within the age of globalization, the pursuits of all nations are so intertwined that the overwhelming majority of them don’t need to take sides, not to mention being compelled into confrontation with China. Info have proved, and can proceed to show, that these makes an attempt will lead nowhere and discover no assist as a result of they deny the fruitful cooperation between China and the USA over the previous 40-plus years of diplomatic engagement, write off a long time of efforts by the great Chinese language and Individuals to develop this relationship, and dismiss the ardent hope of the worldwide group for peaceable coexistence between China and the Untied States.
This troublesome scenario in China-U.S. relations shouldn’t be one thing we need to see. The 2 sides ought to be taught from the ups and downs for the reason that institution of diplomatic ties. Specifically, it will be significant that the U.S. coverage towards China return to objectivity and sensibility as early as potential.
I want to stress that China’s coverage towards the USA is at all times secure and constant. We at all times imagine that with deeply interwoven pursuits between the 2 nations, neither can do with out the opposite, transform the opposite, or change the opposite. The bilateral relationship isn’t any zero-sum recreation; the success of 1 doesn’t should entail the opposite’s failure. Whereas China-U.S. cooperation could make nice issues occur for the 2 nations and the whole world, China-U.S. confrontation would positively spell catastrophe for not solely the 2 nations but additionally humanity as a complete.
The large vessel of China-U.S. relationship carries not solely the well-being of the 1.7 billion Chinese language and Individuals, but additionally the pursuits of the over seven billion folks of the world. The time has come to resolve the longer term course of this big vessel. As President Xi Jinping wrote in his congratulatory message to President-elect Joe Biden, “It’s hoped that the 2 sides will work collectively within the spirit of no battle, no confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation, deal with cooperation, handle variations, transfer ahead China-U.S. relations in a sound and regular method and, along with different nations and the worldwide group, advance the noble explanation for world peace and growth.” That is how we see our relationship and what we anticipate of it.
We hope that the U.S. aspect will be part of us in rebuilding the strategic framework for the wholesome and regular development of China-U.S. relations on the idea of mutual respect, via dialogue and session, and by the use of deepening our widespread pursuits and enhancing the assist by the folks.
In my video dialogue final week with associates from the U.S.-China Enterprise Council, I talked concerning the significance for China and the USA to restart dialogue, return bilateral relations to the best monitor, and rebuild mutual belief. We should always develop cooperation and handle variations via dialogue. Among the many 4 priorities laid out by President-elect Joe Biden, a minimum of three – COVID-19 response, financial restoration and local weather change – present large house for cooperation between our two nations. Essentially the most urgent job in the mean time is to collectively sort out the COVID-19 pandemic. We are going to proceed to do what we are able to to assist the USA as wanted. The 2 nations may additionally strengthen cooperation in diagnostic and therapeutic expertise, PPE manufacturing, in addition to vaccine analysis, manufacturing and distribution. We may additionally leverage our respective strengths to assist COVID-19 response in third nations and contribute to a worldwide group of well being for all. Local weather change is one other necessary space of cooperation. China is steadfast in following the brand new growth philosophy and constructing an ecological civilization. We’re dedicated to reaching inexperienced, low-carbon and sustainable growth. To this finish, we are going to faithfully implement the Paris Settlement on local weather change to meet our accountability to future generations and our obligations to the worldwide group. On the Local weather Ambition Summit on 12 December, President Xi Jinping introduced China’s aims and coverage measures to scale up its nationally decided contributions. We famous that President-elect Joe Biden had pledged to deliver the USA again to the Paris Settlement after taking workplace. We welcome extra lively actions from the U.S. aspect to this finish. Our two nations can come collectively once more to facilitate worldwide cooperation on local weather change. China can be able to work with the USA to strengthen macroeconomic dialogue and coordination and contribute to world development and monetary stability because the world’s two largest economies.
That mentioned, we by no means shrink back from our variations. China’s stance is that the 2 sides ought to handle constructively the outstanding and necessary points primarily based on a proper notion of one another.
First, on ideological points, we have to respect one another’s alternative of system and growth path. Over 4 a long time in the past, leaders of China and the USA made the handshake throughout the huge Pacific, as a result of each nations acknowledged the significance of mutual respect and looking for widespread floor whereas placing apart variations. The purpose of China-U.S. engagement is to not mould the opposite in a single’s personal picture, nonetheless much less to defeat the opposite aspect, however to hunt and develop widespread pursuits. Each Chinese language and American techniques are chosen by their folks and deeply rooted of their respective historic and cultural traditions. If the U.S. China coverage have been to transform and even subvert China, it might not be achievable. The precise method is to respect one another’s political system and growth path, preserve peaceable coexistence, and promote win-win cooperation.
Second, on points regarding nationwide sovereignty and territorial integrity, we have to decide to the worldwide norm of non-interference in different’s inner affairs. Points regarding Taiwan, Hong Kong, Tibet and Xinjiang are China’s inner affairs and contain China’s core pursuits. None of them shall be topic to international interference, both underneath the worldwide norms established by the UN Constitution or underneath the three binding China-U.S. joint communiqués. There was an excessive amount of false details about Xinjiang and Tibet, and the chief department and Congress have, on this foundation, exercised long-arm jurisdiction on Chinese language companies and people. This severely violates worldwide legislation and defies worldwide justice and conscience. As an unbiased sovereign state, China naturally has to reply. We will not permit the legislation of the jungle to manipulate our world once more. For our international associates who really care about China and want to know extra about Xinjiang, Tibet and different components of China, we’re at all times able to share with them the information. We welcome you to go to the 2 autonomous areas at your comfort. There, you will note first-hand a Xinjiang and a Tibet that get pleasure from social progress, ethnic concord, freedom of spiritual perception, and a vibrant financial system.
Third, on commerce points, we have to change confrontation and sanctions with dialogue and session. China-U.S. commerce is mutually helpful in nature. What drives commerce is market demand, not imposed offers. There are not any winners in commerce wars, which solely damage each side. What has occurred proves that pressuring others with tariffs would solely boomerang. The 2 sides have to take away man-made limitations and instill optimistic expectations for the sound growth of China-U.S. financial and commerce cooperation. The Chinese language market will proceed to develop and is predicted to turn into the most important and most vibrant on the earth. This implies China can and want to purchase extra merchandise with lively demand within the Chinese language market from the USA, and it’s only a matter of time earlier than the commerce imbalance is eased. As for the U.S. concern of structural points, China is firmly advancing supply-side structural reform in response to its personal tempo. Within the meantime, China is implementing in good religion the widespread understandings within the part one commerce settlement on this facet. China has set a transparent purpose of constructing a brand new system of open financial system of upper requirements, and has moved additional to reform techniques and establishments. As time passes, reputable considerations expressed by varied events will likely be correctly resolved. We urge the U.S. aspect to cease overstretching the notion of nationwide safety, cease the arbitrary suppression of Chinese language firms, and supply an open, truthful and non-discriminatory setting for Chinese language companies and buyers.
Fourth, on maritime points, we have to try to show frictions into cooperation. There was no drawback with the liberty of navigation and overflight within the South China Sea. There has by no means been a single occasion the place regular navigation or overflight was impeded. China will work with nations within the area to keep up the liberty of navigation and overflight underneath worldwide legislation. China will pace up consultations with ASEAN nations towards a Code of Conduct within the South China Sea, which can regulate behaviors on the ocean and underline the precept of peaceable settlement of disputes. The conclusion of the Code of Conduct will likely be appropriate with universally acknowledged worldwide legal guidelines, and won’t have an effect on the reputable and lawful maritime rights and pursuits of nations outdoors this area. The Chinese language authorities is at all times open to communication and dialogue on maritime points with the U.S. aspect. Chinese language and U.S. specialists and students may have interaction in in-depth discussions on the applicability of UNCLOS and different worldwide legal guidelines and guidelines to keep away from misunderstanding and misjudgment. Our two nations share widespread pursuits in sustaining freedom of navigation, defending the marine setting and harnessing marine sources. The 2 sides can discover prospects of cooperation in these areas, have interaction in optimistic interactions on maritime points, and add optimistic parts to China-U.S. relations.
Fifth, on people-to-people trade, we have to take away restrictions as quickly as potential. Friendship between our peoples offers the social basis for China-U.S. relations. Individuals with imaginative and prescient in each nations ought to collectively reject the makes an attempt to disrupt people-to-people contact and create a cultural decoupling between the 2 nations, and work collectively to encourage and assist folks from all sectors to extend exchanges and mutual understanding. To view all Chinese language college students, specialists and students in the USA as spy suspects really says extra concerning the mentality of the accusers and their insecurity. China has no intention to choose a struggle with the USA both in diplomacy, media or different fields. It is vital that individuals with imaginative and prescient in each nations collectively oppose stigmatizing people-to-people trade and politicizing regular contact, and take away obstacles to such contact and trade.
So long as the 2 nations act with a way of accountability to historical past and humanity, keep in mind the elemental pursuits of the 2 peoples and the entire world, and keep dedicated to ideas of mutual respect, equality, looking for widespread floor whereas shelving variations, and win-win cooperation, the enormous ship of China-U.S. relations will have the ability to keep on the best course, preserve a robust momentum, keep away from hidden shoals and rocks, navigate via the countercurrents and stormy waves, and obtain the purpose of mutual profit and win-win for the world.